Ganga / Ganges is considered as the most sacred river of the Hinduism. According to Hinduism, Mother Ganga is a celestial of heaven and she descends on the earth to rinse away the sins of the mankind. On Earth, Ganges or Ganga originates from the Gaumukha, Gangotri glacier in the central Himalayas, located in Uttarakhand, India. This is acknowledged as one of the holy pilgrimages of India. Gangajal, the water of Ganga, is regarded as the most pure and sacred water on this earth. Ganga water is used in various religious ceremonies of Hindus. Even Science has proved that Ganga water is pure and bacteria free. Gangajal can be kept for years without any problem.
According to the Puranas (Holy Scriptures of Hindus), the sight, the name and the touch of Ganga takes away all sins. It is considered that Mother Ganga bestows blessings of the highest order. As per Hindu thoughts, bathing in the river on special occasions causes remission of sins and facilitates the attainment of salvation. People come from far and near to immerse the ashes of their kin in the waters of Ganga, with a belief that the ashes would go to heaven.
The River flows through a wide area covering several sacred places of Hindus like Haridwar, Allahabad and Varanasi. The Ganga and its tributaries drain a large and fertile basin with an area of about one million square kilometers that supports one of the world's highest density human populations. After a long journey of 2,510 kms, Ganga drains into the Bay of Bengal.